Anatomy and Anthropology
The Department of Anatomy and Anthropology specializes in the disciplines of human anatomy and human biology, and it is the largest department of its kind in central Israel. The department's faculty teaches a number of human anatomy courses, including clinically-oriented courses for medical and dental schools students, as well as courses with elements of comparative and functional anatomy and neuroscience for other TAU programs. The department educates hundreds of medical specialists annually in a variety of programs through Sackler Faculty of Medicine, including MD and PhD candidates. In addition, the department is a base for scientific research and offers special courses in anatomy for seasoned medical professionals, such as surgeons and otolaryngologists.
The department conducts extensive research in several areas of human anatomy and human biology. This includes evolutionary anatomy of Homo sapiens from the development of walking to the morphology and morphogenesis of the gustatory systems. Our researchers also investigate the evolutionary history of several types of human illnesses. In the field of paleoanthropology, students and researchers study the population of the land of Israel, biomechanics of the facial skeleton, and the influence of agricultural evolution on human population biology. Human biology studies focus on genetic epidemiological aspects of human musculoskeletal system aging and body composition. This research encompasses osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, lower back pain and sarcopenia-related phenotypes. These studies are carried out on several family-based samples, utilizing sophisticated methods of quantitative genetic analysis.
The Bone Research Laboratory is housed in this department. This group studies genetic and endocrine regulatory mechanisms of bone metabolism, including the COX2/PGE2 pathway, Erythropoietin, Krox20, sex hormones and Genome-Wide Association Studies in order to uncover new genetic determinants of bone metabolism. This new laboratory is equipped with the latest molecular biology tools and a micro-computed tomography system for state-of-the-art 3D morphometry.